5 Axis CNC Machining & Turning | Precision Machine Shop (2023)

What Is 5 Axis CNC Machining?

As the name suggests, 5 axis CNC machining is performed across five axes. The movements of these machining tools are precisely guided with computer numerical control software. During the 5 axis machining process, the cutting tools remain perpendicular to the material being shaped.

Unlike traditional CNC machines, 5 axis equipment can move across two rotational axes and three linear axes.

These expanded capabilities allow our team to perform complex machining across the surface of the source material. 5 axis machining can be used to create precision products out of materials such as titanium, high purity aluminum, and stainless steel.

What Industries Does Cutter Innovations Serve?

Cutter Innovations prides itself on rising to the needs of our Clients. Our experienced team of engineers enjoys taking on tough projects and thinking outside of the box in order to create innovative products.

With that being said, we primarily work with Clients in the following sectors:


Our primary area of expertise is 5 axis aerospace machining. Aerospace components must be built using metals that are difficult to work with and must meet strict tolerances in order to yield desired performance.

Cutter Innovations has proven time and again that we are up to the challenge. Our team provides aerospace Clients with high-quality aircraft engine components and turbine blade parts. Additionally, we can use 5 axis machining to craft structural components for airplanes.

Cutter Innovation’s 5 axis aerospace machining processes are ideal for working with lightweight aluminum, carbon-fiber composites, titanium, and alloys that are commonly used to produce airplane components.

(Video) Inside a Full 5-Axis Machine Shop with KCS | Machine Shop Tour

In addition to large 5 axis machines, Cutter Innovations has auxiliary equipment commonly used in the aerospace sector. Examples include lathes, turn-mill machines, and precision grinders. Our comprehensive array of machinery allows us to create top-quality aerospace products entirely in-house.

Cutter Innovation not only possesses a full lineup of precision equipment but our team is extremely experienced in the use of 5 axis machining techniques. We also strictly adhere to AS9100 quality control standards to ensure the consistency, accuracy, and performance of our products.

When precision matters, Cutter Innovation is the clear partner for all of your 5 axis machining needs.


Although we primarily partner with Clients in the aerospace industry, companies that produce medical equipment also frequently turn to Cutter Innovations for 5 axis machining services.

Medical equipment manufacturers use many of the same difficult-to-work-with materials, including stainless steel, titanium, aluminum, and metal alloys. Our 5 axis machining process is the best choice for transforming these metals into precision medical equipment.

Cutter Innovations can efficiently fulfill large orders of precision medical equipment with our 5 axis machining services. In addition, we can use our 5 axis machining processes to create one-off prototypes in an efficient and cost-effective manner.

Prototyping is essential when developing medical equipment because it allows stakeholders, investors, engineers, and other relevant parties to gain a better understanding of the product’s functionality.

Oil and Gas

In the oil and gas sector, durability and reliability are equally as important as performance. When integral components fail, operations cannot continue. This failure will cost our oil and gas Clients tens of thousands in lost revenue.

(Video) Cutting Tools CNC Mill Turn Working Process 5 Axis Machining Center

In order to help our valued Clients avoid this nightmare scenario, our 5 axis machining services are backed by industry-leading quality control measures.

We stringently follow AS9100 standards in order to maintain product quality, consistency, and durability. This practice has made us a preferred manufacturing partner for oil and gas companies seeking complex 5 axis machining solutions.

Additional Industries

Do you operate within an industry not listed above? Would you like to partner with an expert team of engineering and machining professionals in order to access 5 axis services?

Are you looking for a trusted 5 axis machining company that has the experience, passion, and industry connections to turn your concept into complex, functioning components?

If so, then Cutter Innovations would be glad to take on your project. In addition to working with the industries outlined above, we have the capabilities to meet the 5 axis machining needs of virtually any other sector.

Our 5 axis machining, wire EDM, and other manufacturing tools give us the flexibility to create complex custom components for your company. We frequently use 5 axis machining to transform difficult-to-work-with metals into precision parts that meet the stringent accuracy requirements of our Clients.

The 5 Axis Machining Process

At Cutter Innovations, we have several different 5 axis devices. These large 5 axis machining tools can accommodate oversized pieces of material, such as those used for aerospace applications.

When partnering with a new Client, one of our 5 axis engineering experts will gather vital details about your project, design needs, preferred materials, etc. Once they have collected this information, we will work to create your components in a manner that meets or exceeds your expectations and deadlines.

(Video) Most Satisfying 5-Axis CNC Milling Machines.

Our goal is to help you keep your project on pace and under budget by providing quality 5 axis machining and exceptional Customer service.

Cutter Innovations believes that communication is essential to the success of any partnership. As such, we will also keep you in the loop regarding the status of your 5 axis machined products, especially when fulfilling large orders.

Benefits of 5 Axis CNC Machines

5 axis CNC machines offer several distinct benefits over 3 axis CNC machines, including:

Single Setup

When creating complex products with 3 axis machines, the engineering team will have to set up the equipment several different times during the machining process. This repetition can increase the risk of errors such as incorrect alignments and drive up the cost of creating your products.

5 axis machining eliminates the need to perform multiple setups. Once the design is input into the CNC software and the material is put in place, the 5 axis equipment can complete the entire machining process. This approach reduces the risk of operator errors, expedites the machining process, saves time, and minimizes your costs.

Higher Cutting Speeds

Since 5 axis machines can maneuver across 5 different axes, the equipment can use shorter cutting tools to create your products. This ability means that the tools can cut at faster speeds without causing excess vibration or pressure.

Cutting tools that move at high speeds with minimal vibration are far less likely to create cavities, burrs, or other imperfections. The end result is a better quality surface.

Create Complex Parts

5axis CNC machining makes it possible to create complex parts out of difficult-to-work-with source materials. Without 5 axis machining techniques, creating these parts would require casting, which is a costly and time-consuming endeavor.

(Video) How to Set Up a 5 Axis CNC Machine | DVF 5000 | DN Solutions

Our 5 axis machining is especially beneficial if your company needs to produce a prototype or small run of components, as the project can often be completed in weeks, not months.

Hole Drilling Capabilities

If you are relying on 3 axis machining tools and need to drill holes in your parts, the manufacturing team would need to adjust the setup for every hole. As you might expect, adjusting the setup creates the same issues outlined above and can negatively impact the consistency between each hole.

5 axis machining techniques give Cutter Innovations the ability to drill multiple holes in your part with a single setup. With 5 axis machining, holes can be placed at compound angles with flawless precision. 5 axis machining eliminates inconsistencies in hole depth or placement.


Modern 5 axis machining equipment, such as that used by Cutter Innovations, maximizes the efficiency of creating high-performance parts.

Our experienced engineering team can use 5 axis machines to quickly produce complex parts or components for your project. In turn, this allows you to reduce the risk of project delays and minimize the cost of creating essential components.

Why Choose Cutter Innovations for 5 Axis Turning?

For years, Cutter Innovations has been known for unwavering commitment to our Clients and uncompromising quality standards. Every component that leaves our facility has been thoroughly examined to ensure that it meets AS9100 quality control standards and the Client’s unique specifications.

When you receive 5 axis machined products from Cutter Innovations, you can rest assured that they will exhibit superior durability, fit, and finish.

We can not only deliver complex, quality 5 axis machined components, but we can also provide expert guidance to help you ensure the success of your project. If you would like to discuss the demands of your current project, Cutter Innovations can be reached online or via phone. You can email us directly or request a quote online.

(Video) INCREDIBLE 5-Axis Machines: Hermle Factory Tour!


How much does a 5 axis CNC cost per hour? ›

CNC Programming Rate
CNC Programming Rate
Dec 19, 2022

Is there a 7 axis CNC machine? ›

Due to the ability of a 7-axis CNC machine to mill while turning the part within the frame, you can produce extraordinarily complex shapes and features. A 7-axis CNC machine is especially useful in the aerospace and military industries.

How much is a 5 axis milling machine? ›

How Much Does a CNC Machine Cost?
Hobbyist-grade CNC router$1k-3k
Entry-level (or toolroom) 3-axis vertical machining center$60k-100k
Production 3-axis vertical machining center$150k-300k
Entry-level 5-axis mill$200k-500k
Production 5-axis mill$500k+
4 more rows

Is there a 6 axis CNC machine? ›

6-Axis CNC Machine

The extra axis allows the tool to have more movement and transitions at higher speeds without sacrificing accuracy. A 6-axis machine is ideal for volume machining steel, aluminum, and cast iron. It is powerful enough to convert the raw metal into the final product without additional equipment.

What is the price of 8 axis CNC machine? ›

8 Head 4 Axis 3D CNC Engraving Machine, 2.2 Kw at Rs 2200001 in Ahmedabad | ID: 20809436573.

How much does custom CNC work cost? ›

The average CNC machining cost per hour for a 3-axis CNC machine is around $40. The operator salary of CNC milling machines can range from $30 to $50 per hour. Therefore, the total cost of CNC services, in this case, would be around $80 per hour. Higher quality and more sophisticated CNC machines cost more.

What is a 9 axis machine? ›

9-axis CNC is a blend of lathe and 5-axis machining. With 9 functional axes, the part can be turned and multi-axis milled in a singular set-up. The largest benefit of this type of machine is the elimination of manual loading and secondary fixtures. A multi-axis machine like this can make a fully finished product.

What is the price of CNC 6 axis? ›

CNC 6 Axis Machine at Rs 17000000/piece | Axis Linear Machines in Bengaluru | ID: 11072867188.

What is the difference between 3 4 and 5 axis CNC? ›

The main difference between 3-axis, 4-axis and 5-axis machining is the complexity of the movement both the workpiece and the cutting tool can move through, relative to each other. The more complex the motion of the two parts, the more complex the geometry of the final machined part can be.

How much does a 5 axis CNC machine cost? ›

Trunnion-type 5 axis CNC milling machine $200K-500K. Swivel head-type 5 axis CNC milling machine $150K-500K. Mini 5-axis CNC milling machine $6K-10K.

What can be made with 5 axis CNC machine? ›

5-axis CNC machining saves time and is ideal for creating complex and precise parts like those found in the medical, oil and gas, and aerospace industries.

How much does a CNC machinist make? ›

How Much Do Cnc Machinist Jobs Pay per Hour?
Annual SalaryHourly Wage
Top Earners$63,000$30
75th Percentile$54,500$26
25th Percentile$40,000$19

What is the difference between a 3-axis CNC machine and a 5 axis CNC machine? ›

A 3-axis CNC and 5-axis CNC differ in their ability to orient and move the cutting tool along multiple axes. A 3-axis CNC machine is capable of moving its cutting tool along the X, Y, and Z axes. A 5-axis machine, on the other hand, can move the cutting tool along the X, Y, Z, A, and B axes.

What is the difference between CNC mill and CNC lathe? ›

The main difference between a CNC lathe and a CNC mill is the way the machine and the part rotate. A CNC lathe rotates the workpiece or bar stock against the cutting tools to make a shape. By contrast, in a CNC mill, the cutting tools rotate around the bar stock.

What is the cost of 4 axis CNC milling machine? ›

market price of Axis Cnc Milling Machine in India is Rs 14 Lakh/ Piece.

What is the price of Japanese CNC machine? ›

Tsugami (Japanese) CNC Machines at Rs 1800000 | CNC Lathe Machinery in Mumbai | ID: 6793185273.

How much is an entry level CNC machine? ›

Average CNC Machine Costs

Entry Level Desktop CNC Router: $150-$500. Hobby CNC Machine: $1,000-$3,000. Small CNC Lathe: $5,000. Entry Level 2 Axis Lathe: $15,000-$50,000.

Why is CNC so expensive? ›

Industrial CNC machines are expensive due to the precision engineering and high-quality components required for their operation in industrial applications.

Is it cheaper to build or buy a CNC machine? ›

Is it cheaper to build or buy a CNC router? It is cheaper to build your own CNC router. You can find DIY kits at popular online stores. As mentioned above, building a CNC router will take significant time and knowledge of CNC routers, and it's important to choose a router kit that will meet your needs.

Is owning a CNC machine profitable? ›

Most successful CNC machining businesses operate on a 10 to 15 percent net profit margin. For a shop that has just $500,000 in annual work, that generates a profit of $50,000 to $75,000 on top of the business owner's salary.

How do you calculate machining cost per hour? ›

The machinists divide the machine's price by the number of hours it will operate in a year to determine their machine shop rates (also known as the machining cost per hour).

What is a 7 axis machine? ›

7-axis CNC machining follows the same principle as 5-axis CNC machining with the addition of two more axes, making it a more versatile CNC machining technology. It usually includes: X axis for vertical rotation. Y axis for horizontal rotation. Z axis for depth of the part.

What does 7 axis mean? ›

7 axis machining is a complete setup on its own and can manufacture complex parts without having to transfer them to another machine. When the part drops off, it is most often complete. The 7-axis include: X-axis (vertical rotation) Y-axis (horizontal rotation)

Why is it called a 5-axis CNC machine? ›

The term “5-axis” refers to the number of directions in which the cutting tool can move. On a 5-axis machining center, the cutting tool moves across the X, Y and Z linear axes as well as rotates on the A and B axes to approach the workpiece from any direction.

What is the price of Fanuc CNC system? ›

Automatic Fanuc CNC Machine at Rs 1800000 | Automatic CNC Machine in Mumbai | ID: 20943872612.

What is the price of CNC 3000? ›

3000 Series 3-101 CNC Router, 7.5 kW at Rs 6500000 | Jalahalli, Urban | Bengaluru | ID: 23660525462.

How much is CNC in USA? ›

How Much Do CNC Machines Cost? -Every Type
CNC MachineCost
Entry Level Desktop CNC Routers (3018s and Chinese Ones)$150-$500
Hobby CNC Router/Machine$1k-$3k
Professional CNC Machine$5k-$100k
Entry-Level 3 axis Mill (VMC)$50k-$100k
5 more rows
Feb 16, 2023

What is the tolerance of a 5-axis CNC machine? ›

For CNC machining, the standard tolerance limit is set around +/-. 005” (0.127 mm).

What is a G code? ›

G-code (also known as RS-274) is the name of the most prevalent programming language for computer numerical control (CNC) in computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM). G-code provides metric-based numeric control of CAM-controlled equipment such as CNC milling machines.

Is there a 4th axis? ›

The 4th axis denotes the inclusion of an A axis (rotation around the X axis), and the 5th axis denotes the B axis (rotation around the Y axis). The number of axes on a CNC machine determines the type of work it can do, the level of detail it can cut, and the workpiece locations it can manipulate.

Is a CNC worth it? ›

Whether you are a small operation, one-person shop, or hobbyist, it could be the wisest investment you will ever make. A high-quality CNC machine will be a fantastic addition to your machine shop, woodworking shop, home workshop, or that hobby you pursue in your garage.

How much is a Doosan 5 axis mill? ›

New Price as Equipped: $383,000 with current options.

How much does it cost to build a CNC router? ›

The cheapest CNC router could be built for around $200, but as mentioned before, it all depends on which parts are being used. That's both the caveat and beauty of DIY CNC machines: The builder is the master of their own universe, but whether the challenge is worth it or not can't be determined by generalizing.

What language do CNC machines use? ›

G-code, simply put, is the language that CNC machines understand.

What is the advantage of adding a fifth axis the C axis to a vertical CNC machining center? ›

5-Axis machining allows for the cutting tool to remain tangential to the cutting surface. Lower cycle times and costs are achieved because more material can be removed with each tool pass. Better surface finishes result by using the 5-axis capabilities on contoured geometry.

What are the advantages of 5-axis CNC milling compare to 3-axis CNC milling? ›

Single Setup: 3-axis machines require multiple setups, which may result in incorrect alignments, higher costs, and other errors. With 5-axis machining, you have the ability to machine complicated shapes with a single setup, which improves efficiency, saves time, reduces costs, and prevents operator error.

What is the highest paid machinist? ›

High Paying Machinist Jobs
  • Tool Pusher. Salary range: $45,500-$122,500 per year. ...
  • Machine Shop Supervisor. Salary range: $54,000-$82,000 per year. ...
  • Precision Machinist. Salary range: $37,500-$77,000 per year. ...
  • Prototype Machinist. ...
  • Master Machinist. ...
  • Machine Shop Inspector. ...
  • Machinist Supervisor. ...
  • Lathe Machinist.

What state pays cnc machinist the most? ›

After extensive research by the Zippia data science team, we identified these details of machinist salary by state for the United States: Massachusetts has the highest machinist salary of $54,280.

What is the highest salary in cnc? ›

Cnc Machinist Salary
Annual SalaryMonthly Pay
Top Earners$63,000$5,250
75th Percentile$54,500$4,541
25th Percentile$40,000$3,333

What is a 6 axis C axis CNC machine used for? ›

6-axis is designed for volume machining of aluminium, steel, cast iron and model making materials. It uses a unique 3-axis milling head to allow simultaneous 6-axis CNC machining that cuts production times by as much as 75%.

How many axis does a CNC turning machine have? ›

There are up to five axes that a CNC turning center can operate on, though there are some machines that can operate on 6 axes: X Axis: Vertical. Y Axis: Horizontal. Z Axis: Depth.

How many axis can a CNC lathe have? ›

A manual Lathe's axis system generally consists of 2 axes, where the tool moves front-back along X-axis (laterally) and left-right along Z-axis (axial). However, modern CNC lathes can have up to 6 axes, where X, Y, and Z are the linear axes, and A, B, and C are the corresponding rotational axes.

Can a CNC mill replace a lathe? ›

CNC lathes often replace several different specialist lathes, as they're highly adaptable and cover many operations that just one type of lathe would struggle with. Bench: This is a tabletop lathe designed for use in smaller workshops or for hobbyists.

Is CNC machining better than 3D printing? ›

Surface Finish: With the right tools, CNC machines are capable of producing much smoother surfaces than 3D printers. 3D printers are capable of producing parts for fit and finish, but for parts that require exceptional smoothness for mating with other precision components, CNC machining may be preferable.

What is a 6 axis CNC machine? ›

6-axis CNC mills are a step above 5-axis milling machines. These remarkable machines use an additional rotation axis along the Z-axis, resulting in a noticeable speed improvement over the 5-axis variety. The extra axis allows the tool to have more movement and transitions at higher speeds without sacrificing accuracy.

How much does a 5-axis CNC cost per hour? ›

CNC Programming Rate
CNC Programming Rate
Dec 19, 2022

How much is CNC per hour? ›

As of May 17, 2023, the average hourly pay for a Cnc Machinist in the United States is $23.15 an hour.

What is the rate per hour for CNC machining? ›

Their prices generally range from $35 – $40 per hour for 3-axis machines while multi-axis machines cost $75 – $120 per hour.

What should I charge for CNC time? ›

Tool cost. For calculating the tool cost assume the average cost of the tool to be $30, and it has a life expectancy of 80-100 hours. That puts the cost of the tool at around ¢35 per hour. For one hour of machine operation, the tool cost will be ¢35.

How much does VMC machining cost per hour? ›

VMC Components at Rs 350/hour | VMC Machined Components in Delhi | ID: 17429432088.

What is the best pay for CNC machinist? ›

The majority of CNC Machinist 2nd Shift salaries across the United States currently range between $39,500 (25th percentile) and $52,000 (75th percentile) annually.

Can you make a living with a CNC machine? ›

As the demand for unique products grows, CNC businesses have become hugely profitable on online marketplaces like Etsy and Amazon, where customers put a lot of value in small, artisan retailers and local craft fairs. If you're looking to build your own CNC-based business, here's what you need to know.

How many hours does a CNC machine last? ›

Constant Use With Minimal Maintenance

However, CNC machines can operate 24 hours a day. Depending on the project's design, the operator can program the computer and set the machine to create the required part.

What is the salary CNC machine? ›

What can I earn as a Computer Numerical Control Machinist? The average monthly salary for Computer Numerical Control Machinist jobs in Malaysia ranges from RM 2,200 to RM 2,700.

How do you calculate hourly rate for a machine shop? ›

Rate = (specific machine(s) cost per hour + labor & overhead cost per hour) x markup x total hours for the job.

Why are CNC services so expensive? ›

Industrial CNC machines are expensive due to the precision engineering and high-quality components required for their operation in industrial applications.

Is CNC good money? ›

CNC Machinists Can Make Good Money

The average salary for CNC machinists in South Carolina is $47,615, but some salaries are over $60,000 per year. As with most careers, the higher level of education you achieve, the higher salary you can expect.

How much does CNC cost per feet? ›

For PVC CNC cutting design, the cost usually varies from ₹665/sq. ft. to ₹1,485/sq. ft. For other types, it usually depends on the materials used.

How much does a VMC machine operator earn in USA? ›

The average cnc operator salary in the USA is $38,027 per year or $18.28 per hour. Entry level positions start at $33,150 per year while most experienced workers make up to $48,750 per year.

How many CFM do I need for a VMC? ›

The VMC requires a minimum of 100 PSI at 4 cfm (40T) or 8 cfm (50T) (w/optional AAG Auto Air Gun, 40-50T, 10 scfm) at the input to the pressure regulator on the back of the machine.

What is the price of Fanuc VMC? ›

These are indicative values based on popular product prices.
Machinery Clinic.
All India - ₹1600000/PieceChennai - ₹1500000/Piece
Gurugram - ₹1450000/PieceBengaluru - ₹1400000/Piece


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